newsletter

all are welcome to these events

June 2014

 

Check out our Facebook page at the link below , all these events and more great gardening info can be found on our Facebook page

 

FACEBOOK

 

Upcoming events this month

  

CHURCHVILLE NATURE CENTER BUTTERFLY HOUSE is looking for volunteers who want to help work in the butterfly house, raising butterflies, caring for the plants in the butterfly house or helping to lead tours. We will train . info contact Stommy Blauth at butterfliesandmoths@comcast.net.

Penn State Newsletter

 

The Spring 2014 PA IPM News is now available at http://extension.psu.edu/pests/ipm/news/newsletter.

 

In This Issue

1.       Watch Out for West Nile Virus this Summer

2.       Summertime Means Deep Cleaning; Why Go Green?

3.       Gasping for air: Asthma in inner city youth

4.       May is Asthma Awareness Month – Do You Know Your Triggers?

5.       Got stink bugs?

6.       Kids can explore fascinating world of insects at Bug Camp

7.       Researchers receive $1.14 million to study threats to honeybees

8.       New online CSA map from Penn State Cooperative Extension

9.       Ag Sciences Graduate Students Awarded International Fellowships

10.    Preventing Household Poisonings -- Take A Child's Eye View

11.    Green Cleaning Toolkit Available

 

If you have information you would like to contribute, or would like to be added to our e-mail listserv, please contact Kristie Auman-Bauer, Editor, at (814) 865-2839 or mailto:kma147@psu.edu.

 

-- 
Kristie Auman-Bauer
Public Relations Coordinator
Pennsylvania IPM Program
115 Buckout Lab, Penn State
University Park, PA 16802
814-865-2839
http://paipm.org
 
Native Plant of the Week  Fringe Tree, Chionanthus virginicus
Fringetrees (Chionanthus spp.) are outstanding, small, deciduous ornamental trees. Two species are available, the native white fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus) and the Chinese fringetree (Chionanthus retusus.) The botanical name translates as snow flower, an excellent description of the fluffy, white flowers that cover fringetrees in bloom. White fringetree, also known as Grancy graybeard or old man's beard, is native throughout South Carolina and the southeastern United States. Chinese fringetree is native to eastern Asia.
Native white fringetrees remain small, maturing at 12 to 20 feet in height and 12 to 20 feet in width. Trees in the wild may be taller. Fringetrees naturally grow with multiple stems, but can be trained to single trunks. The typical form is spreading with an open crown, but plant habit can vary.

Fringetrees grow slowly, usually only 6 to 10 inches per year. In ideal conditions with rich, moist, fertile soil they may grow up to one foot per year. There is only one growth period each year.

Ornamental Features

Large, 4-to 8-inch-long loose clusters of lightly fragrant white flowers cover the white fringetree in spring for about two weeks just as the leaves begin to emerge. Flowers start opening in April in the Coastal Plains, and in early May in the Upstate. Fringe trees are dioecious - male and female flowers are on separate plants - although occasional trees may have both kinds of flowers present on the same plant. Male flowers are showier due to longer petals. However, both male and female trees are striking in bloom.

Fringetrees are rarely available labeled as male or female, so unless they are purchased in bloom or with fruit present, it is impossible to know which one you are getting. Fortunately, both are beautiful.

 

large, medium to dark green, oblong leaves of the native white fringetree are held oppositely on the stem. They range between 3 to 8 inches long. White fringetrees seldom have showy fall leaf color in the southeast, generally fading to yellow-green or greenish brown, but occasionally they will turn bright, clear yellow in fall. Female fringe trees  bear attractive fruit if male plants are nearby. The fruit are blue-black, ½ to inch long and shaped like olives, to which fringetrees are related. The fruit ripens in late summer to early autumn and are enjoyed by birds. When fruit are still present during years of good fall leaf color, the contrast of dark blue fruit and yellow foliage is striking.

Landscape Use

Fringetrees are excellent anywhere that a very small tree is needed, such as near a patio, in small yards, or under power lines. Like many white-flowered plants, they look especially nice planted in front of a dark backdrop. They can be used as individual specimens, in groups, in mixed shrub borders or in natural gardens. They are well suited to urban plantings due to pollution tolerance and adaptability to varied soils. Fringetrees are not salt tolerant.

Although fringetrees are adaptable and will grow in most soil types, they prefer moist, deep, well-drained, acidic soils. They grow well in full sun to partial shade. Leaf appearance is best in some shade, but flowering is heaviest in full sun. The ideal compromise would be sun through most of the day, but shade during hot afternoon hours. Fringetrees have low maintenance needs once established.

Due to a naturally strong branch structure fringetrees rarely need pruning. Pruning while young may be desirable if a single stem tree form is preferred.

As fringetrees do not transplant well, take care to choose an appropriate permanent location and use proper planting methods.

Propagation of fringetrees is usually by seed. Seeds are planted in fall with young trees sprouting the second spring after planting. Propagating native white fringetrees by cuttings has not been successful. Some trees are grafted onto ash understocks. If this is the case, sprouts from the understock must be watched for and removed promptly.

Insect pests and diseases are rarely serious problems for fringetrees.

 

 



     

 

 
 
 
 

 


As of last Thursday, Hummingbirds had been spotted in Bucks County.  It's time to put out the feeders. You can make your own nectar, boil 4 cups water, add 1 cup sugar, stir and allow to cool. Change nectar in feeder every 3 days in warm weather. feeders should be disinfected ( as should any bird feeder) by cleaning with a bleach solution , 1 part bleach to 9  parts water.

Audubon At Home > Bird Feeding

Feeder Maintenance & Hygiene

 

 

Cleaning birdfeeders and birdbaths is a crucial practice in preventing the spread of disease between birds. Recently, scientists noted that the spread of Trichomonad protozoan parasites, which cause a disease termed Trichomoniasis, was on the rise especially among mourning dove and band-tailed pigeon populations in the West.

You can tell if you have a disease problem at your feeders because diseased birds are less alert and less active, they feed less and may cower on a feeder, they may be reluctant to fly, and their feathers do not appear to be in good shape. Birds afflicted with Trichomoniasis typically develop sores in their mouths and throats. Unable to swallow, they drop food or water contaminated with Trichomonads that other birds then consume, thus spreading the disease.

With the concern over this and other diseases, including Salmonellosis, Aspergillosis, and Avian Pox, which are easily transmitted at birdfeeders and birdbaths, Audubon recommends paying diligent attention to cleanliness in pursuit of responsible and rewarding bird feeding practices. Birds with disease are more likely to die from starvation, dehydration, predation, and severe weather, so protect them by following these tips.

  • Disinfect your feeder and birdbath: To keep pathogens at bay, immerse your seed feeder or birdbath in a nine to one water-bleach solution, rinsing it thoroughly, one to two times per month (for tips on cleaning hummingbird feeders, click here). In the presence of outbreaks, disinfect twice as often.
  • Empty water from your birdbath every day: Brush or wipe it clean and rinse, then refill the birdbath with fresh water.
  • Discard old seed and hulls: When you clean your feeder, get rid of the old seed. Rake or sweep up any uneaten hulls on the ground. The disease-causing Trichomonad protozoan, for example, can live for up to five days in food and several hours in water.
  • Avoid overcrowding: If possible, provide more than one feeder and spread them out. Crowding only expedites the spread of disease, so give the birds variety and plenty of room.

 

 

Churchville Nature Center Annual Wildflower and Native Plant sale starts Saturday April 26, 9 to 5 PM. http://www.churchvillenaturecenter.org/index.php

 

 

 


 

 

 

Explore the wonder of butterflies

at Churchville Nature Center’s Butterfly House

 

As Seen In The March 2014 Edition of the Yardley Voice

by June Portnoy

 

    Churchville Nature Center will celebrate the start of butterfly season by reopening its Janet V. Makiewicz Butterfly House on Sunday. The  second annual Grand Reopening, from 11:00am until 4:00pm, will offer a family-friendly day with games, face painting and fun activities, along with the Nature Center’s Annual Wildflower Sale, and of course all day tours of the Butterfly House. For this special event, admission price is $5.

“Over 2,000 guests visited our Butterfly House last year, and we’re expecting about 3,000 people this year,” says Stommy Blauth, Butterfly House Coordinator.

     The Butterfly House exhibits approximately 30 to 35 different types of native butterflies flying freely among host plants, nectaring plants and flowers at all different

eye levels within a 30’ by 40’ enclosed space. The large variety of butterflies range from the monarchs, black swallowtails, red admirals and tiger swallowtails to red

spotted purples, cabbage whites, commas and question marks, just to name a few. “What makes this butterfly house so unique is that it includes host plants,”

explains Stommy.  A female butterfly will only lay eggs on a specific host plant. Caterpillars eat only certain types of host plants, so the female butterfly  knows to lay her eggs on those plants so her offspring will survive. Most butterfly houses don’t include  host plants because caterpillars eat them, requiring a lot of upkeep. Therefore, at

most other butterfly houses, you won’t see butterflies laying eggs or young caterpillars, as you can here.  “As a result, Churchville Nature Center’s Butterfly House offers visitors the rare opportunity to observe every aspect of these  butterflies’ life cycle and development,” says Stommy.

    While here, you might be lucky enough to watch butterflies court, mate, and lay  eggs on one of the 15 to 20  native host plants available to them.

Also view a chrysalis up  close in the Butterfly House’s entrance vestibule.  “Once you’ve seen a butterfly emerge and spread its wings, you’ll be hooked,” says Stommy.

She adds, “It is the best hands-on exposure one can get to butterflies. You  don’t feel like you’re learning, even though  you truly are.” One of the Butterfly House’s goals is

to encourage people to fall in love with butterflies. According to Stommy, this is particularly important because so many people have an aversion to insects. “Many kids don’t consider butterflies to be insects, and few people have phobias to butterflies,” says Stommy. “Therefore, both children and adults gain an appreciation for other insects.”  Still another benefit of coming to the Butterfly House is that it takes kids away from electronics and brings them outside,  giving them exposure to nature. Knowledgeable docents explain interesting facts, while pointing out different  stages of the butterflies’ development.

   The Butterfly House depends on volunteers  to work as docents. “Our docents  are like mothers to these butterflies,” says  Stommy. “They find the eggs, help rear the

caterpillars, and ultimately, release the butterflies into the Butterfly House.”  There are plenty of opportunities for volunteers to get involved in virtually every aspect of maintaining the Buttery House, including giving tours, food plant propagation and rearing butterflies.

     Last year, Stommy  reared  20% of the butterflies in the house, and this year she hopes that with  additional volunteers she can increase that  number to 50%.

“Butterflies are expensive to buy, and  they only live about two weeks,” says Stommy. “In addition, very hot weather shortens their life span, so we’re constantly replenishing our Butterfly House with new ones.” The Butterfly House is currently recruiting volunteers for this year’s season, which will run from May until October.

Ideal volunteers are students 16 or older looking for community service hours for school, seniors, retired schoolteachers and Master Gardeners. Hours are very flexible, and volunteers can work in whatever role they prefer. For children ages nine through 13, the  Butterfly House will run a summer camp August 4th through August 8th where kids  will enjoy hands-on fun. Inquire about additional camps for different age groups all summer long.

   The Butterfly House hours will be Tuesdays through Sundays from 11:00am to 4:00pm. General admission is $8; seniors (62 plus) pay $6; juniors (4 – 12) pay $5;

and children three and under are free. Churchville Nature Center members  pay just $6. All prices include a guided  tour. Call to arrange required reservations

at 215-357-4005

 

. Stommy will host ongoing Volunteer training sessions to learn more about raising and caring for Butterflies, email her at butterfliesandmoths@comcast.net to be added to her email list for notifications

 






The butterfly House at Churchville Nature Center

 is looking for volunteers to work with the butterflies. If you are interested in knowing more about this exciting opportunity, please come  to our open house on Sat, April 12 at 1 PM at the Churchville Nature Center, 501 Churchville Lane Churchville , PA , in the Farmhouse.  There will be opportunities to learn more about our butterflies, view the chrysalids, and speak to current volunteers about their experiences . For  more information, contact Stommy Blauth at butterfliesandmoths@comcast.net

 

June 8 Churchville Nature Center              www.churchvillenaturecenter.org

Butterfly House Opening Event                215 357 4005

The Churchville Nature Center will be celebrating the start of our butterfly season with the opening of the

Janet V. Makiewicz Butterfly House for summer tours. Come learn about native butterflies and the plants

and flowers you can plant to attract them to your yard. Enjoy guided tours of the butterfly house with its

array of fluttering butterflies and gem-colored wildflowers as well as games and crafts throughout the day.

Time: 11:00 am to 4:00 pm

Fee: $5.00 per person Reservations are Required

 

 

 

 

 

 Don’t waste your time or money guessing about soil amendments.  Find out how much lime and/or fertilizer your soil actually needs (or does not need) by getting a Soil Test Kit at the Extension office.  It will be the best $9 you have ever spent on your garden!  Pick one up during business hours, Monday-Friday, 8:00 am to 4:00 pm, at the Ag Services Building, Suite 102, 702 Sawmill Road, Bloomsburg, PA.  http://www.aasl.psu.edu/ssft.htm

 

 

If you have strong light, it is time to start the slow and steady seeds, like tomatoes & peppers, indoors.  Here is a good reference from Penn State, Sowing Annual Seeds  http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/FreePubs/pdfs/UJ254.pdf

 

Be sure to shop early for best seed selection.  Select disease resistant varieties for success.  Penn State offers Pennsylvania Vegetable Variety Recommendations for the Home Gardener http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/uj250.pdf

 

Do you have questions about gardening projects?  Use Penn State’s 64-page publication for home gardeners, Vegetable Gardening, ARGS-115.  It is available as FREE .pdf download from:  http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/agrs115.pdf  

 

 

Please burn only local firewood.  The Emerald Ash Borer beetles are spreading across Pennsylvania.  These destructive pests are in Columbia, Luzerne, Northumberland, Montour, & Wyoming Counties.  For information: 

http://ento.psu.edu/extension/trees-shrubs/emerald-ash-borer/frequently-asked-questions  and  http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/insectsdisease/eab/index.htm

 

 

 

 

Your property may qualify as a Certified Pollinator Friendly Garden as it is or with just a few changes.  For more information visit http://ento.psu.edu/pollinators/public-outreach/cert

 

The Great Sunflower Project uses ‘Lemon Queen’ annual sunflowers to study the bee population.  Participate in this citizen science project!  Details can be found here:  http://www.greatsunflower.org  Join their Safe Gardens for Pollinators program.

 

Interested in Beekeeping?  Investigate Penn State’s nationally recognized Beekeeping 101 course -- http://beekeeping101.psu.edu/ 

 

 

Are you growing fruit trees or berry bushes?  Penn State has an excellent resource called Fruit Production for the Home Gardener:  Read the chapters on this website:  http://extension.psu.edu/plants/gardening/fphg .

 

 

Penn State offers many FREE eBooks and Online Guides for homeowners.  Visit these websites for more information and a list of publications.

http://ento.psu.edu/extension/free-ebooks

http://ento.psu.edu/extension/on-line-guides

 

  

 

See you in the garden!

 

Penn State Extension

Master Gardeners

Columbia County

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

 

 

send garden news to be published to MWGC@yamil.com. To have friends added or to be removed from

 

 

Here's the  COMFORTFOOD recipies from Kim Quat  at the January Gala

phone: 215 847 5707, email: comfortfood1@yahoo.com and blog: comfortfoodlive.blogspot.com.Also, please remind members you  can like Comfortfood on facebook for daily menus.

 

Comfortfood Kim Quay   see Comfortfoods Valentines flyer attached to this email

Wheatberry Salad with Dried Cranberries and Goat Cheese

October 18, 2013 By webmaster

 

 

 

submitted by Kimberly Quay, chef/owner at Comfortfood

 

1# organic red winter wheatberries

1 large red onion, diced

3 large carrots, diced

4 stalks celery, diced

2 tb. olive oil

1 c dried cranberries

4 oz. organic goat cheese

 

Mustard Herb Vinaigrette:

3 shallots

½ c red wine vinegar

3 tb. honey

3 tb. grain mustard

salt

pepper

2 tb. chopped rosemary

1¼ c blended oil

 

For Vinaigrette:

Place all ingredients except oil in food processor or blender. Blend until smooth, then slowly add in oil to emulsify.

 

Boil wheatberries in a large amount of water for to soften the kernels. Drain and chill. Meanwhile, saute the onion, carrot and celery in with the olive oil in a sauté pan. When soft, remove from heat and mix with cooked wheatberries. Add dried cranberries and dressing. Place in serving dish and crumble goat cheese on top.

 

 

Kim Quay chef/owner

215 847 5707

Comfortfood1@yahoo.com

 

 

Butternut Squash and Apple Bisque

 

INGREDIENTS

 

2 T butter

1 medium onion, peeled and chopped

1 clove garlic, peeled and chopped

1 large butternut squash, pleeled and chopped

4 cups vegetable stock

4 large apples, peeled

salt to taste

fresh ground pepper to taste

 

PREPARATION

 

·         Sweat onions in butter over medium heat until they are soft, but not browned

·         Add garlic, sweat for 1 minute

·         Add butternut squash and cook for a few minutes

·         Add vegetable stock and bring to a boil

·         Reduce heat; simmer gently until the butternut squash is fork tender

·         Add chopped apples, cook until apples are starting to break up

·         Blend together with hand blender until the soup is a smooth consistency

·         Adjust seasoning with salt and pepper

·         Add a dash of Tabasco or other hot sauce for a little zip

 


Don’t waste your time or money guessing about soil amendments.  Find out how much lime and/or fertilizer your soil actually needs (or does not need) by getting a Soil Test Kit at the Extension office.  It will be the best $9 you have ever spent on your garden!  Pick one up during business hours, Monday-Friday, 8:00 am to 4:00 pm, at the Ag Services Building, Suite 102, 702 Sawmill Road, Bloomsburg, PA.  http://www.aasl.psu.edu/ssft.htm

 

 

Be sure to shop early for best seed selection.  Select disease resistant varieties for success.  Penn State suggests Pennsylvania Vegetable Variety Recommendations for the Home Gardener http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/uj250.pdf

 

Do you have questions about gardening projects?  Use Penn State’s 64-page publication for home gardeners, Vegetable Gardening, ARGS-115.  It is available as FREE .pdf download from:  http://pubs.cas.psu.edu/freepubs/pdfs/agrs115.pdf  

 

 

You can help pollinators by creating your own Certified Pollinator Friendly Garden recognized by Penn State Extension.  Your property may already qualify!  For details about the process, please visit http://ento.psu.edu/pollinators/public-outreach/cert

 

 

Please burn only local firewood.  The Emerald Ash Borer beetles are spreading across Pennsylvania.  These destructive pests are in Columbia, Luzerne, Northumberland, Montour, & Wyoming Counties.  For information: 

http://ento.psu.edu/extension/trees-shrubs/emerald-ash-borer/frequently-asked-questions  and  http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/insectsdisease/eab/index.htm

 

 

Interested in Beekeeping?  Investigate Penn State’s nationally recognized Beekeeping 101 course -- http://beekeeping101.psu.edu/  

 

 

Are you growing fruit trees or berry bushes?  Penn State has an excellent resource called Fruit Production for the Home Gardener:  Read the chapters on this website:  http://extension.psu.edu/plants/gardening/fphg .

 

 

Penn State offers many FREE eBooks and Online Guides for homeowners.  Visit these websites for more information and a list of publications.

http://ento.psu.edu/extension/free-ebooks

http://ento.psu.edu/extension/on-line-guides

 

~~  ~~~  ~~  ~~~  ~~  ~~~  ~~  ~~~

 

If you know of anyone who would like to be added to our email list for Gardening Events, please ask that person to send an email to ColumbiaMG@ag.psu.edu .  If you have received this email in error or no longer desire email from us, we apologize.  Please click reply, add "Delete" to the subject line, and your email address will be deleted from our distribution list.

 

From time to time there have been "technical difficulties" when clicking Reply to our email.  If an email bounces back to you, please Forward it to ColumbiaMG@ag.psu.edu .  Sometimes the "ag" is dropped from our address as it leaves our account.  The tech folks are resolving this issue.

 

See you in the garden!

 

Penn State Extension

Master Gardeners

Columbia County

 

Bloomsburg Field Office

Ag Services Building

702 Sawmill Road, Suite 102

Bloomsburg, PA 17815

(570) 784-6660 ext. 18

ColumbiaMG@ag.psu.edu

 

extension.psu.edu

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